Skip to main content

Constitution of India

 Constitution of India



A Constitution in broader terms is a set of rules,

  • Written

  • That seeks to establish the duties, powers, and functions 

  • It is of the various institutions of government

  • Regulates the relationship between them and

  • Defines the relationship between the state and an individual.

Salient Features of The Indian Constitution:

  1. A Written and Lengthy Constitution:

Earlier it had 22parts, 395 articles, and 8 Schedules. Now it has 25 parts 448 articles and 12 schedules. The Constitution of India is the lengthiest in the world like no other constitution in the world contains as many articles. The Constitution of the United States has 7 articles, China has 138, Japan has 103, and Canada has 107 articles.


  1. Single Constitution:

It is a self-made and framed constitution. India has a single constitution that is followed by the whole country and it is also recognized as the sacred book of the country.


  1. The Constitution declares India to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic. The words socialist, integrity, and secular were added in the Preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in the year (1976).

  • Sovereign – means absolute independence.

  • Socialist – to avoid concentration of wealth in a few hands and will sure it’s equitable distribution.

  • Secular – There is no state religion in India. Every citizen is free to follow and practice the religion of his\her own choice. The state cannot discriminate among it’s citizens based on religion.

  • Democratic – It means that the power of the government is rested in the hands of the people. All the citizens enjoy equal political rights.

  • Republic – It means that the head of the state is not a hereditary monarch but a president who is indirectly elected by the people for a definite period.

  1. A unique blend of rigidity and flexibility.

  2. A patchwork of the Indian Constitution:

  It is a beautiful patchwork of the Constitution. The Constitution is often referred to as a patchwork. It has been inspired by various sources. The best features of the various constitutions have been incorporated in our Constitution.

  1. Parliamentary form of democracy: 

Indian Constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government. President is the nominal head of the state.  In actual practice, the government is run by the Prime Minister and other members of councils.

  1. Fundamental Rights and Duties

  2. Directive Principles of State Policy:

 It is borrowed from Ireland, which aims to provide social and economic democracy and providing welfare.

  1. Single Citizenship:

 There is single citizenship in our country, and it borrowed from United Kingdom.

  1. Universal Adult Franchise

  2. Independent Judiciary: 

It has been adopted from United States of America, so that the legislature and  executive can work appropriately.

  1. Finance Commission

  2. Emergency Provisions: 

There are three types of emergency provisions, national, constitutional, and financial.

  1. Affirmative Actions: 

It improves the conditions of weaker section of society by providing reservations in the legislature and government jobs in articles 15 and 16.

  1. Independent Agencies: 

The Constitution provides for some independent agencies to perform functions allotted to them. 

  1. The preamble of the Constitution 

  2. A mixture of Unitarianism and Federalism.




  


Comments

Popular posts from this blog

VIRTUAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME BY LEXIS AND COMPANY

  VIRTUAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME BY LEXIS AND COMPANY. VIRTUAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME BY LEXIS AND COMPANY. (PLEASE READ THE DETAILS CAREFULLY BEFORE APPLYING). KINDLY READ THE FULL DETAILS AND DESCRIPTION VERY CAREFULLY BEFORE APPLYING OR DURING FILLING UP THE REGISTRATION FORM, SO THAT YOU AVOID ASKING UNWANTED QUESTION FOR WHICH THE DETAILS ARE ALREADY GIVEN IN THE FORM. KINDLY SEND THE FOLLOWING DETAILS IN THE GROUP OR DM AFTER FILING THE REGISTRATION FORM OR IN CASE YOU ARE NOT ABLE TO JOIN THE GROUP THEN SEND IT ON OUR OFFICIAL WHATS APP NUMBER IN DM: NAME: PREFERRED MONTH OF INTERNSHIP: PREFERRED DATE FROM WHICH YOU WANT TO START THE INTERNSHIP: PREFERRED MODULE IN WHICH YOU WANT TO JOIN AS SELECTED BY YOU: LAC-VIP – An initiative of Lexis and Company At LAC our motto is to strive for legal excellence, by assuring (instead of making sure) that all the demands of our clients are fulfilled as per their convenience and that they leave fully satisfied from the services we provide. At Le

URGENT HIRING FOR JUNIOR ASSOCIATE - LEGAL (LEVEL - 1)

  Junior Associates - Legal (LEVEL - 1) --- PLEASE READ THE COMPLETE JOB DESCRIPTION BEFORE APPLYING ---   Urgent Hiring for: LAW STUDENTS. Position: Junior Associates - Legal (LEVEL - 1) Department: Legal. Firm Name: LEXIS AND COMPANY – LAW FIRM. Location: Janakpuri, New Delhi. CTC: RS 5000/- Per Month. (First three months the associate will be on probation and training, and during this period no salary or stipend will be paid, after 3 months of regular service upon meeting the required number of working days and performance evaluation, the associates will be eligible for this pay band.) Additional Allowance: All official expenses including travelling allowance for official purposes will be paid from the day 1 of the service with the firm.   We are urgently looking for Law Students for the position of Junior Associates - Legal (LEVEL - 1) for our Law Firm in Janakpuri, New Delhi.   Eligibility: Mandatory Qualification: Any Law Students of 3 Years or 5 Years Law/LLB progra

HIRING FOR PHYSICAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME (LAC-PIP) AT LEXIS AND COMPANY - LAW FIRM

    WE ARE URGENTLY LOOKING FOR LAW STUDENTS, OR NEWLY ENROLLED ADVOCATES FOR  PHYSICAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME  AT OUR LAW FIRM IN JANAKPURI, NEW DELHI. PHYSICAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME BY LEXIS AND COMPANY LAW FIRM IS A UNIQUE AND CUSTOMIZED LEGAL TRAINING PROGRAMME FOR LAW STUDENTS AND ADVOCATES WHO WANTS TO BUILD THEIR CAREER IN LITIGATION AS AN INDIVIDUAL PRACTITIONER OR JOIN ANY CORPORATE LAW FIRM. (PLEASE READ THE DETAILS CAREFULLY BEFORE APPLYING).  CANDIDATES WHO ARE READY TO WORK PHYSICALLY AT OUR OFFICE IN JANAKPURI, NEW DELHI, SHOULD ONLY APPLY. CANDIDATE LOOKING FOR ONLINE JOB OR WORK FROM HOME JOB OR FREELANCE JOB OR PART TIME JOB SHOULD APPLY FOR OUR VIRTUAL INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME. QUALIFICATIONS: CANDIDATE WHO ARE EITHER LAW STUDENTS OR NEWLY ENROLLED AS AN ADVOCATE LOOKING TO LEARN AS A BEGINNER SHOULD ONLY APPLY. WORKING DAYS: MONDAY TO SATURDAY, 9:00 AM TO 06:00 PM. (PHYSICAL ONSITE) THIS JOB IS MORE OF A LEARNING OPPORTUNITY ONLY FOR LAW STUDENTS AND NEWLY ENROLLED ADVOCATE