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INDIAN ENVIRONMENT LAW

                           INDIAN ENVIORNMENT LAW 



INTRODUCTION


GOVERNMENT OF INDIA IS DUTY BOUND TO PREVENT THE EXHAUSTIBLE NATURAL RESOURCES FROM GETTING EXHAUSTED IN NNO TIME . INDIAN GOVERNMENT IS ACKNOWLEDGED OF THEIR DUTY TOWARDS THE PROTECTION OF INDIAN RESOURCES , THE GOVERNMENT HAS SERIOUSLY GOTTEN AWARE ABOUT ITS ROLE , THE GOVERNMENT HAS FORMED CERTAIN STATUTES TO PREVENT RESOURCES FROM GETTING EXHAUSTED , LIKE THE E NVIORNMENT PROTECTION ACT 1972 , ESTABLISHMENT OF THE NATIONAL GREEN TRIBUNAL  AND DEVELOPMEMNT OF WATER ACTS , AIR POLLUTION ACTS AND MANY MORE WHICH ARE AIMED TO PROTECT THE ENVIORNMENT OF THE NATION FROM GETTING SPOILED . 


IN THE AGE PRIOR TO THE STOCKHOLM CONVENTION OF THE UNITED NATIONS THERE WERE ONLY CERTAIN LAWS PRESENT IN THE NATION LIKE THE TORTS AND THE PENAL PROVISIONS FOR THE OFFENCES WHICH WERE DIRECTED TOWARDS THE DISRUPTION OF THE ENVIORNMENT . 


AFTER THE 1972 STOCKHOLM CONVENTION THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA INSERTED CERTAIN ARTICKLES THROUGH AN AMENDAMENT IN THE CONSTITUTION LIKE ARTICLE 48 A AND ARTICLE 51 A FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES THAT PROVIDE FOR THE LEGAL OBLIGATION TOWARDS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENVIORNMENT PROTECTION IN THE NATION . , THE UNITED NATIONS STOCKHOLM CONFERENCE WHICH WAS HELD IN THE YEAR 1972 AND HAD AN ENDURING IMPACT OVER THE ENVIORNMENTAL LAWS IN THE NATION AND CHANGED THE STATE OF THE LAWS IN THE NATION . AS IT LEAD TO THE ADDITION OF CERTAIN ARTICLES IN THE CONSTITUTION WHICH HAS HELPED A LOT IN THE NEW DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENVIORNMENT POLICY . 

INDIAN GOVERNMENT ENACTED 1976 WATER WATER ACT , 1981 AIR ACT , ENVIORNMENT PROTECTION ACT 1986. 

WATER ACT 

WATER ACT WAS THE RESULT OF THE UN STOCKHOLM CONVENTION , IT PROVIDES FOR THE PROVISION TO PROTECT THE POLLUTION OF WATER AND DEVELOPMENT OF CENTRAL BOARD AND STATE BOARD OF STATE BOARD FOR THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WATER POLLUTION . 


AIR ACT 

AFTER THE WATER ACT THE AIR MADE IT TO THE NEW LIST OF LAWS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THIS ACT IS THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL THE POLLUTION OF AIR . 

ENVIORNMENT PROTECTION ACT 

AFTER THE BHOPAL GAS STRATEGY THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA ENACTED THE ENVIORNMENT PROTECTION ACT , IT WAS A DIRE NEEDED STEP , THE ACT INCLUDED ALL ASPECTS OF ENVIORNMENT AND ADVOCATES THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ENVIORNMENT PROTECTION . IT STOPS THE ENVIORNMENT POLLUTANTS FROM CREATING RUCKUS IN THE NATION . 


ENVIORNMENT PROTECTION PROTECTION RULE 

IN THE CONTINUING YEAR THE ENVIORNMET PROTECTION RULE 1986 EXPLAINED ABOUT THE STANDARDS AND PROCEDURE OF TAKING THE SERVICE . ENVIORNMENT PROTECTION RULE PRESCRIBE THJE MANNER TO TAKE SAMPLE WHICH CAN BE ANALYSSED THE MANNER IN WHICH THE REPORT SHOULD BE SUMMITTED . 


HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE AND BIOMEDICAL WASTE 

THE HAZARDOUS WASTE (MANAGEMENT AND MANAGEMENT) ACT, 1989, PRODUCTION, STORAGE AND IMPORTATION OF OTHER HAZARDOUS CHEMICALS, 1989 AND THE CHEMICAL DANGERS ACT (EMERGENCY, PLANNING, PREPAREDNESS, PREPARATION AND RESPONSE) ACT, 1996 WAS ISSUED AND THESE LAWS DEAL WITH AND DANGER. THING. BIO-MEDICAL WASTE THE LAW OF 1980 DEALS WITH THE REGULATION OF A HOSPITAL, CLINIC, VETERINARY FACILITY AND OTHER FACILITIES REGARDING MEDICAL WASTE.


COASTAL ZONE RULES

THE COASTAL ZONE REGULATION 1991 DEALS WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF ANY DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES WITHIN 500 METERS OF THE COAST.


LOCAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

AN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT WAS SUBMITTED TO THE EIA 1994 NOTICE, FOR EVALUATION OF PROJECTS OR INDUSTRY AS SET OUT IN SCHEDULE I OF THE NOTICE AND FOR THE ISSUANCE OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL CLEANING CERTIFICATE. THE 1994 EIA NOTICE WAS AMENDED IN 1997 AND IN 2006 THE EIA NOTICE INTRODUCED A NEW EIA. A KEY FEATURE OF THE 2006 DECLARATION IS THAT IT HAS BROUGHT ABOUT A RADICAL CHANGE IN THE PROCESS OF PUBLIC HEARINGS.


ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY 2006

THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY OF 2006 IS AN IMPORTANT DEVELOPMENT IN THE INDIAN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW, THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THIS POLICY IS TO EXPAND THE INCLUSION OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND TO FILL GAPS IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS AND POLICY. THIS POLICY ADDRESSES THE CHANGES IN SOCIETY AND ITS PROBLEM OF POLLUTION AND THE ENVIRONMENT; HAS TRIED TO CLOSE THE GAP BETWEEN THE OLD RULES AND POLICY AND THE NEW CHANGING CIRCUMSTANCES.


CONCLUSION 

INDIAN GOVERNMENT HAS FORMED POLICIES AFTER THE 1972 STOCKHOLM CONVENTION , THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MADE CERTAIN REGULATION WHICH HAVE IMPACTED THE ENVIRONMENT AND RELATED FIELDS TO THE EXTENT . IT IS THE DUTY OF THE GOVERNMENT TO PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT AND TO MAKE OBLIGATION ON PEOPLE TO FOLLOW AND LET THE RULES IN LINE WITH THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION .


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